Anthropogenic disturbances, such as climate change, and chronic and acute stressors, such as coral bleaching events, severely threaten coral reef ecosystems. Infrequent mass coral bleaching events and annual bleaching have already been documented in American Samoa. Coral reef ecosystems provide irreplaceable ecosystem services such as habitat for marine life and shoreline protection.
The process of taking corals from nurseries and transporting them to the reef.
The process of propagating new coral through asexual or larval propagation.
The process of relocating corals from one site to another.